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from __future__ import unicode_literals
import re
import binascii
from Crypto.Cipher import AES
can_decrypt_frag = True
except ImportError:
can_decrypt_frag = False
from .fragment import FragmentFD
from .external import FFmpegFD
from ..compat import (
from ..utils import (
class HlsFD(FragmentFD):
""" A limited implementation that does not require ffmpeg """
FD_NAME = 'hlsnative'
def can_download(manifest, info_dict):
r'#EXT-X-KEY:METHOD=(?!NONE|AES-128)', # encrypted streams [1]
# r'#EXT-X-BYTERANGE', # playlists composed of byte ranges of media files [2]
# Live streams heuristic does not always work (e.g. geo restricted to Germany
# http://hls-geo.daserste.de/i/videoportal/Film/c_620000/622873/format,716451,716457,716450,716458,716459,.mp4.csmil/index_4_av.m3u8?null=0)
# r'#EXT-X-MEDIA-SEQUENCE:(?!0$)', # live streams [3]
# This heuristic also is not correct since segments may not be appended as well.
# Twitch vods of finished streams have EXT-X-PLAYLIST-TYPE:EVENT despite
# no segments will definitely be appended to the end of the playlist.
# r'#EXT-X-PLAYLIST-TYPE:EVENT', # media segments may be appended to the end of
# # event media playlists [4]
# 1. https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-17#section-
# 2. https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-17#section-
# 3. https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-17#section-
# 4. https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-17#section-
check_results = [not re.search(feature, manifest) for feature in UNSUPPORTED_FEATURES]
is_aes128_enc = '#EXT-X-KEY:METHOD=AES-128' in manifest
check_results.append(can_decrypt_frag or not is_aes128_enc)
check_results.append(not (is_aes128_enc and r'#EXT-X-BYTERANGE' in manifest))
check_results.append(not info_dict.get('is_live'))
return all(check_results)
def real_download(self, filename, info_dict):
man_url = info_dict['url']
self.to_screen('[%s] Downloading m3u8 manifest' % self.FD_NAME)
urlh = self.ydl.urlopen(self._prepare_url(info_dict, man_url))
man_url = urlh.geturl()
s = urlh.read().decode('utf-8', 'ignore')
if not self.can_download(s, info_dict):
if info_dict.get('extra_param_to_segment_url'):
self.report_error('pycrypto not found. Please install it.')
return False
'hlsnative has detected features it does not support, '
'extraction will be delegated to ffmpeg')
fd = FFmpegFD(self.ydl, self.params)
for ph in self._progress_hooks:
return fd.real_download(filename, info_dict)
def is_ad_fragment_start(s):
return (s.startswith('#ANVATO-SEGMENT-INFO') and 'type=ad' in s
or s.startswith('#UPLYNK-SEGMENT') and s.endswith(',ad'))
def is_ad_fragment_end(s):
return (s.startswith('#ANVATO-SEGMENT-INFO') and 'type=master' in s
or s.startswith('#UPLYNK-SEGMENT') and s.endswith(',segment'))
media_frags = 0
ad_frags = 0
ad_frag_next = False
for line in s.splitlines():
line = line.strip()
if not line:
if line.startswith('#'):
if is_ad_fragment_start(line):
ad_frag_next = True
elif is_ad_fragment_end(line):
ad_frag_next = False
if ad_frag_next:
ad_frags += 1
media_frags += 1
ctx = {
'filename': filename,
'total_frags': media_frags,
'ad_frags': ad_frags,
fragment_retries = self.params.get('fragment_retries', 0)
skip_unavailable_fragments = self.params.get('skip_unavailable_fragments', True)
test = self.params.get('test', False)
extra_query = None
extra_param_to_segment_url = info_dict.get('extra_param_to_segment_url')
if extra_param_to_segment_url:
extra_query = compat_urlparse.parse_qs(extra_param_to_segment_url)
i = 0
media_sequence = 0
decrypt_info = {'METHOD': 'NONE'}
byte_range = {}
frag_index = 0
ad_frag_next = False
for line in s.splitlines():
line = line.strip()
if line:
if not line.startswith('#'):
if ad_frag_next:
frag_index += 1
if frag_index <= ctx['fragment_index']:
frag_url = (
if re.match(r'^https?://', line)
else compat_urlparse.urljoin(man_url, line))
if extra_query:
frag_url = update_url_query(frag_url, extra_query)
count = 0
headers = info_dict.get('http_headers', {})
if byte_range:
headers['Range'] = 'bytes=%d-%d' % (byte_range['start'], byte_range['end'])
while count <= fragment_retries:
success, frag_content = self._download_fragment(
ctx, frag_url, info_dict, headers)
if not success:
return False
except compat_urllib_error.HTTPError as err:
# Unavailable (possibly temporary) fragments may be served.
# First we try to retry then either skip or abort.
# See https://github.com/ytdl-org/youtube-dl/issues/10165,
# https://github.com/ytdl-org/youtube-dl/issues/10448).
count += 1
if count <= fragment_retries:
self.report_retry_fragment(err, frag_index, count, fragment_retries)
if count > fragment_retries:
if skip_unavailable_fragments:
i += 1
media_sequence += 1
'giving up after %s fragment retries' % fragment_retries)
return False
if decrypt_info['METHOD'] == 'AES-128':
iv = decrypt_info.get('IV') or compat_struct_pack('>8xq', media_sequence)
decrypt_info['KEY'] = decrypt_info.get('KEY') or self.ydl.urlopen(
self._prepare_url(info_dict, decrypt_info['URI'])).read()
frag_content = AES.new(
decrypt_info['KEY'], AES.MODE_CBC, iv).decrypt(frag_content)
self._append_fragment(ctx, frag_content)
# We only download the first fragment during the test
if test:
i += 1
media_sequence += 1
elif line.startswith('#EXT-X-KEY'):
decrypt_url = decrypt_info.get('URI')
decrypt_info = parse_m3u8_attributes(line[11:])
if decrypt_info['METHOD'] == 'AES-128':
if 'IV' in decrypt_info:
decrypt_info['IV'] = binascii.unhexlify(decrypt_info['IV'][2:].zfill(32))
if not re.match(r'^https?://', decrypt_info['URI']):
decrypt_info['URI'] = compat_urlparse.urljoin(
man_url, decrypt_info['URI'])
if extra_query:
decrypt_info['URI'] = update_url_query(decrypt_info['URI'], extra_query)
if decrypt_url != decrypt_info['URI']:
decrypt_info['KEY'] = None
elif line.startswith('#EXT-X-MEDIA-SEQUENCE'):
media_sequence = int(line[22:])
elif line.startswith('#EXT-X-BYTERANGE'):
splitted_byte_range = line[17:].split('@')
sub_range_start = int(splitted_byte_range[1]) if len(splitted_byte_range) == 2 else byte_range['end']
byte_range = {
'start': sub_range_start,
'end': sub_range_start + int(splitted_byte_range[0]),
elif is_ad_fragment_start(line):
ad_frag_next = True
elif is_ad_fragment_end(line):
ad_frag_next = False
return True